Aither je odborný elektronický časopis zařazený do databází ERIH+ a Scopus. Je vydáván Filozofickou fakultou Univerzity Palackého v Olomouci ve spolupráci s Filosofickým ústavem Akademie věd ČR. Vychází dvakrát ročně. Každé druhé číslo je mezinárodní (International Issue) a jsou v něm publikovány cizojazyčné články (především v angličtině, ale i v němčině a francouzštině). Časopis je registrován pod číslem ISSN 1803-7860.

Aither, 2014 (roč. 6), číslo 11

Aither 11/2014

Předmluva

Předmluva

Pavel Hobza

Aither 11/2014:5  

Články

Nutnost a účelnost v Platónově Timaiovi

Ondřej Krása

Aither 11/2014:6-19 | DOI: 10.5507/aither.2014.002  

In this paper I try to show two shortcomings of interpreting necessity in Plato's Timaeus as aimless causal relationship. First, everything in Timaeus' universe is teleological from the very beginning - there is no undirected "mechanism" directed as it were from the outside. Second, the concept of indeterminateness which is connected to necessity has to be interpreted in terms of difference between model and its image and not in terms of teleology and causality.

Contra traditio: Španělská přírodní filosofie a historie mezi dvěma světy

Jana Černá

Aither 11/2014:20-37 | DOI: 10.5507/aither.2014.003  

This paper analyzes the problem of the theoretical and interpretative challenges which the New World encounters brought to the European intellectuals. The main attention is paid to "modern" natural histories of Francisco de Hernández and José de Acosta and their efforts to deal with the ancient tradition. Through specific examples, the text aims to illustrate how the discovery of the New World changed the ways of exploring nature; concretely focuses on following topics: critical approach to the classical tradition (especially to Aristotle and Pliny), empiricism in the constitution of scientific knowledge, legitimation of natural historical enquiry...

Principy filosofie Pietra Pomponazziho - hledání "pravého" aristotelismu

Tomáš Nejeschleba

Aither 11/2014:38-47 | DOI: 10.5507/aither.2014.004  

Pietro Pomponazzi is usually considered as the main figure of Renaissance Aristotelianism. In his works he deals with different topics, especially when one takes into account his most important works like De immortalitate animae, De incantationibus and De fato. It is little wonder that historians of philosophy have tried to explore and capture the unifying principles of his philosophy under one term - or "-ism" - which could serve to characterize it as a unified whole.This article aims to describe and criticize these attempts as they have emerged in the history of philosophy when Pomponazzi's thought was labeled as "Averroism",...

Aristotelés dnes

Kryštof Boháček

Aither 11/2014:48-51 | DOI: 10.5507/aither.2014.005  

České a slovenské aristotelské bádání

Filip Svoboda

Aither 11/2014:52-75 | DOI: 10.5507/aither.2014.006  

This article discusses the Czech and Slovak tradition of the investigation of Aristotle's works and philosophy. It primarily deals with questions and many bottlenecks associated with this topic. The main question here is whether we are entitled to talk about this topic at all. If we have some way to talk about Czech and Slovak Aristotelian inquiry, are there some professional ways?

Aristotelská koncepce vědomí v minulosti a dnes

Tomáš Marvan

Aither 11/2014:76-83 | DOI: 10.5507/aither.2014.007  

Aristotle did not have a systematic theory of consciousness, in today's sense of the word. Still, his scattered remarks on conscious perception proved to be extremely influential, and led such thinkers as Franz Brentano and Uriah Kriegel to build a fully fledged theory of consciousness upon them. The paper traces the Aristotelian tradition in the study of consciousness and compares it with some of its main rivals.

Čistá forma: Bůh a logika?

Karel Šebela

Aither 11/2014:84-91 | DOI: 10.5507/aither.2014.008  

The article deals with the similarity between so-called hylomorphism of logic and the conception of God as pure Form. Formality of logic is frequently taken as a key feature of logic, so I follow the conceptions of logic by Plato, Aristotle, peripatetic and neo-platonistic commentators of Aristotle and early scholastics, until Abaelard.

Druhé analytiky a unum argumentum

Marek Otisk

Aither 11/2014:92-99 | DOI: 10.5507/aither.2014.009  

This paper deals with Anselm's argumentation in Proslogion. The main aim of this text is to show that the famous proof of God's existence in Proslogion 2 a 3 is structurally the same as the other argumentation in this book. Another aim of this text is to emphasize the concordance of Anselm's procedure with some conclusions in Posterior Analytics by Aristotle.

Aristotelés a Nová rétorika

Kryštof Boháček

Aither 11/2014:100-113 | DOI: 10.5507/aither.2014.010  

The author starts with Plato's Gorgias and shows how important was this topic for Plato's constitution of theoretical philosophy and how serious was the alternative of rhetorical philosophy. The second part describes the decline of classical rhetoric from the Greek most influential intellectual discourse to the "zero point" around 1900. Third section is dedicated to Chaim Perelman and the "Rhetorical Turn" movement, which is, according to Perelman, treated as return to Aristotle. In the last part, the author confronts Aristotle's own position, as we interpret it today, with Perelman's understanding of Aristotelian rhetoric, and asks, if the New Rhetoric...

Poznámky k Aristotelovu výměru nehybné podstaty

Martin Zielina

Aither 11/2014:114-123 | DOI: 10.5507/aither.2014.011  

Aristotle appreciated "theology" (theologiké) or "the first philosophy" (próté filosofia) from all kinds of knowledge because according to his classification of knowledge (i.e. theoretical, practical and productive sciences) just theoretical sciences and more precisely theology should deal with unmoved substance (οὐσία ἀκίνητος; cf. Met. E 1026a20-31). This paper concerns with a relationship between an equivocal term logos and unmoved substance (úsia akinétos). Aristotle posited two groups of substance (eternal and perishable), which have different...

Proč studovat ještě dnes Aristotela (a Platóna)?

Josef Petrželka

Aither 11/2014:124-133 | DOI: 10.5507/aither.2014.012  

My consideration tries to answer two questions: First, how does the study of Aristotle (and of the ancient philosophy in general) contribute to the understanding of reality? And second, how does it help a student of ancient philosophy to find his job in contemporary society?

Recenze

Acompora, Ch. D. (2013). Contesting Nietzsche. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, ISBN-10: 0226923908.

Petr Jirák

Aither 11/2014:134-139 | DOI: 10.5507/aither.2014.013