Aither je odborný elektronický časopis zařazený do databází ERIH+ a Scopus. Je vydáván Filozofickou fakultou Univerzity Palackého v Olomouci ve spolupráci s Filosofickým ústavem Akademie věd ČR. Vychází dvakrát ročně. Každé druhé číslo je mezinárodní (International Issue) a jsou v něm publikovány cizojazyčné články (především v angličtině, ale i v němčině a francouzštině). Časopis je registrován pod číslem ISSN 1803-7860.

Aither, 2014 (roč. 6), číslo 12

Aither 12/2014 (International issue no. 3)

Foreword

Pavel Hobza

Aither 12/2014 (International issue no. 3):5  

Oratorical Stylistics according to Hermogenes of Tarsus

Apostolos N. Stavelas

Aither 12/2014 (International issue no. 3):6-21 | DOI: 10.5507/aither.2014.015  

Hermogenes of Tarsus (2nd century A.D.) is considered to be one of the most prominent figures of the theory of rhetoric, because of the categories, types or canons of literary style he introduced in the literary critique of oratorical texts. In the third book of his treatise On the Art of Rhetoric, bearing the title On the Ideas, he reconstructed the threefold arrangement of oratorical style (high, middle, low) developed previously during the Roman era. The seven-fold clarification of style he introduced directly engaged his theory to the philosophy of the Neo-Platonists. The types of oratorical style he proposed could be regarded...

Giovanni Pico della Mirandola (1463-1494) and Renaissance Philosophy

Paul Richard Blum

Aither 12/2014 (International issue no. 3):22-31 | DOI: 10.5507/aither.2014.016  

Giovanni Pico della Mirandola (1463-1494) played a key role in the making of modern thought. He extended the humanist critique of medieval pessimism into an exaltation of the agency of humans. He advocated universal knowledge as liberation, suggested philosophical syncretism and concordance between philosophy and biblical wisdom based on the understanding that knowledge is what makes a human being human.A presentation on Giovanni Pico della Mirandola should have at least nine hundred chapters - but I will reduce it to four or five.

Reading Aquinas in the Renaissance: Dominic of Flanders on the Imagination and Phantasm

Brian Garcia

Aither 12/2014 (International issue no. 3):32-53 | DOI: 10.5507/aither.2014.017  

This paper takes up the 15th century thinker, Dominic of Flanders, as a reader of Thomas Aquinas and indeed a representative of Renaissance Thomism. The topic at hand is Dominic's presentation of phantasia, or imagination, and the phantasma. The phantasm, of course, plays a prominent role in the Aristotelian model of intellectual cognition, yet seems to remain a somewhat vague concept. We will show some of Dominic's peculiar characterizations of the phantasm. In the background of our analysis is a broader reflection concerning methodology. It is suggested that in order to judge better Dominic as a reader of Thomas, a static understanding...

Veritas Rerum vs Mens Philosophorum? The Debate on the Immortality of the Soul in Italy after the Publication of the Bull Apostolici regiminis (1513): Cajetan, Pomponazzi, Spina, Prierias, Javelli

Annalisa Cappiello

Aither 12/2014 (International issue no. 3):54-75 | DOI: 10.5507/aither.2014.018  

The paper shows a comparison between five Renaissance authors - four Thomists (Cajetan, Spina, Prierias, Javelli) and a secular Aristotelian (Pomponazzi) - on the issue of the interpretation of the Aristotelian psychology, that is, whether it is in favor or against the possibility of providing a demonstration of the immortality of the human soul, in the light of the ecclesiastical sanction on this topic. With the papal bull Apostolici regiminis (19 December 1513), the Church had dogmatized the Aristotelian-Thomistic formulation of the ontological status of the human soul (the soul is essentially the form of the body, immortal, infused by God,...

Johannes Jessenius on the Immortality of the Soul

Tomáš Nejeschleba

Aither 12/2014 (International issue no. 3):76-95 | DOI: 10.5507/aither.2014.019  

Johannes Jessenius (1565-1621) published in 1618 a treatise On the Immortality of the Soul, which he, in his own words, defended as a dissertation at the university in Leipzig in 1587. The place and the time of its origin made some of the interpreters include this early work of Jessenius under the tradition of Lutheran Aristotelianism or, more precisely, Aristotelianism as presented by Melanchthon. This article puts this early work of Jessenius into a historical context and analyses the content of the treatise. It seems that with respect both to the context of Aristotelianism at Lutheran universities in the 1580s and to the way of Jessenius'...