Aither je odborný elektronický časopis zařazený do databází ERIH+ a Scopus. Je vydáván Filozofickou fakultou Univerzity Palackého v Olomouci ve spolupráci s Filosofickým ústavem Akademie věd ČR. Vychází dvakrát ročně. Každé druhé číslo je mezinárodní (International Issue) a jsou v něm publikovány cizojazyčné články (především v angličtině, ale i v němčině a francouzštině). Časopis je registrován pod číslem ISSN 1803-7860.

Aither, 2016 (roč. 8), číslo 15

Aither 15/2016 (International issue no. 4)

Příčinnost a přirozenost v hippokratovských spisech

Pavel Hobza

Aither 15/2016 (International issue no. 4):4-29 | DOI: 10.5507/aither.2016.001  

In my paper I am dealing with the problem when and in what form the notion of causality appeared in ancient Greece. It is mostly assumed that already the Presocratics (even the Milesians) dealt with causes. However, none of the extant Presocratic fragments mentions the Greek term for cause (aitia or aition), which is why we should look for the origin of the conception of causality elsewhere. The elaborate conception of causality is to be found in the Corpus Hippocraticum, whose oldest texts originate from the second half of the fifth century B. C. As the close analysis of the Hippocratic treatise On the Sacred Disease suggests,...

Popper a Stránský o interpretaci Platóna

Josef Moural

Aither 15/2016 (International issue no. 4):30-45 | DOI: 10.5507/aither.2016.002  

Popper more or less abandoned the field of Plato interpretation after 1945, restricting himself to a few corrections and additions and to mostly formal replies to Levinson and Wild. Today, his Plato interpretation is often neglected or considered just an oddity. I defend Popper against two objections raised recently by Jiří Stránský: that (1) his campaigning against modern totalitarianism is unacceptable as a viewpoint for dealing with Plato, and that (2) Popper neglects the dramatic reading approach. I show that Popper is in fact - regardless of how controversial his particular arguments are - not naive but quite sophisticated methodologically (and...

Aristotelés o Thalétově pojetí počátku

Radim Kočandrle

Aither 15/2016 (International issue no. 4):46-71 | DOI: 10.5507/aither.2016.003  

Aristotle's influential conception of the four causes may have tendentiously skewed our view of his predecessors, but even so, we might be able to discern in it the outlines of the original Presocratic conceptions. We could thus see the emphasis on 'origins' as, among other things, the archaic thinkers' focus on the origin and maintenance of life. These are, after all, the reasons which Aristotle himself lists in connection with Thales's conception of origin in the first book of his Metaphysics, where he discusses the connection between moisture, warmth, and life. Interest in these factors is characteristic for archaic philosophy. We can, meanwhile,...

Aristotelova reflexe tragického konceptu příčiny

Kryštof Boháček

Aither 15/2016 (International issue no. 4):72-83 | DOI: 10.5507/aither.2016.004  

The article explores the possibility of Aristotle's inspiration by tragic thought in the topic of cause. In the first part, the author presents a general exposure of the theory of causes in Aristotle's philosophy. The second part focuses on the issue of cause in Posterior Analytics. In the third part the relation between cause and chance is analysed. The author builds on his earlier exploration of interrelation between nature and the human world in Aristotle. According to Boháček, Aristotle's conceptualization of this relationship is the result of reflection of the older conception of fate and chance.Therefore, the fourth and largest part...

Vybrané aspekty používania pojmu fronésis v Iamblichovom spise Protreptikos

Michaela Rušinová

Aither 15/2016 (International issue no. 4):84-93 | DOI: 10.5507/aither.2016.005  

The paper is divided into two main thematic parts. The first part aims at basic characteristics of Neoplatonism in general with an attempt to point out the place of Iamblichean thought in the system of later Neoplatonism and to put the light on several innovative ideas which had been brought by him into the philosophy of Neoplatonism. The second part involves bilingual translation of selected excerpts from his work The Exhortation to Philosophy in order to scrutinize the usage and meaning of the term φρόνησις.

Mezi etikou a estetikou: "Estetický" spor mezi Bernardem z Clairvaux a Sugerem ze Saint-Denis

Roman Kucsa

Aither 15/2016 (International issue no. 4):94-109 | DOI: 10.5507/aither.2016.006  

The presented study deals with one of the best-known medieval disputes on beauty and art. It tries to valorize possible mutual influences and relations between the main actors of this argument: Bernard of Clairvaux and Suger of Saint-Denis. The work derives from Erwin Panofsky's thesis, which states that Suger was, in his work, driven by the effort to defend his actions from Bernard of Clairvaux's complaints. The text tries, on a very limited space, to both present the contemporary discussion and to valorize the preserved sources, which are relevant in context of this issue (it deals both with the authors' texts and their correspondence). Last but...