Aither je odborný elektronický časopis zařazený do databází ERIH+ a Scopus. Je vydáván Filozofickou fakultou Univerzity Palackého v Olomouci ve spolupráci s Filosofickým ústavem Akademie věd ČR. Vychází dvakrát ročně. Každé druhé číslo je mezinárodní (International Issue) a jsou v něm publikovány cizojazyčné články (především v angličtině, ale i v němčině a francouzštině). Časopis je registrován pod číslem ISSN 1803-7860.

Aither, 2016 (roč. 8), číslo 16

Aither 16/2016

Seeing Better? On Ethical Values and Emotions

Peter Mccormick

Aither 16/2016:4-31 | DOI: 10.5507/aither.2016.007  

Many informed commonsense discussions about understanding better the still obscure connections between strong emotions and basic values end fruitlessly. Most reflective persons today simply give up on finding a unified account, and others just abandon such matters to the cognitive and computational neuroscientists. Failing philosophically, however, to investigate further the nature of such interconnections is all too often short-sighted.Here I take up the particular case of interactions between two basic ethical values (human life and personal dignity) and two basic emotions (anger and sympathy). With the suggestiveness of a richly descriptive...

Methodology of the History of Philosophy: A Different Approach to the Philosophy of Heraclitus

David Černín

Aither 16/2016:32-53 | DOI: 10.5507/aither.2016.008  

The focus of this paper is twofold: First, it focuses on the ongoing debates concerning the methodology of the history of philosophy. Second, it demonstrates its findings on a specific case - philosophy of Heraclitus of Ephesus. The author maintains that the history of philosophy is a member of a broader set of disciplines and sciences - the historical disciplines. As such, the history of philosophy shares some obstacles and methods with those disciplines. The paper follows proposals from philosophy of historiography and tries to show how those proposals are manifested in the work of Quentin Skinner. His approach is summarized with respect to recent...

Love as Desire of the Good or Love as Value-response? Plato and von Hildebrand on the Essence of Love

Martin Cajthaml

Aither 16/2016:54-65 | DOI: 10.5507/aither.2016.009  

The aim of this paper is to compare Plato's and Dietrich von Hildebrand's philosophical account of the essence of love. The author proceeds by gradually working out the similarities and differences between the two accounts of love and by attempting to explain the differences between them, partly by identifying the different metaphysical assumptions of both authors. The main philosophical interest of this paper lies in showing how, in these two philosophical accounts of love, elements of desire of the object of love and elements of responsiveness to its value are contained, although, in each of the accounts, in different way and with different final outcome.

Dynamik und Stabilität der Tugend in Platons Nomoi

Jakub Jinek

Aither 16/2016:66-89 | DOI: 10.5507/aither.2016.010  

Plato's theory of virtue in the Laws could be striking for someone who is more familiar with Aristotle's ethics for conceptual complementarity between the two positions (contrary emotions, the ordering element of reason, virtue as a mean which lies between two forms of vice, typically linked to excessive actions, etc.). Plato's theory, however, still differs from that of Aristotle in two crutial points. First, the source of emotional dynamism is, according to Plato, supraindividual as far as the psyche is a cosmological principle. Only if it comes to be formed and ordered, it separates from the universal cosmic context and make up the emotional nature...

Giordano Bruno: ein Komet fliegt durch Galaxien der Bedeutungand Emotions

Elisabeth Blum

Aither 16/2016:90-111 | DOI: 10.5507/aither.2016.011  

Giordano Bruno's philosophy is the heroic attempt at creating a universal system of knowledge under the conditions of an infinite universe and, accordingly, an actual infinity of information. While embracing a certain relativism, Bruno opposes the Early Modern tendency towards skepticism. His philosophy of nature (natural magic) is pre-modern, but his theories of knowledge and of language (of finding and constructing truth) have lost nothing of their fascinating freshness.