Aither je odborný elektronický časopis zařazený do databází ERIH+ a Scopus. Je vydáván Filozofickou fakultou Univerzity Palackého v Olomouci ve spolupráci s Filosofickým ústavem Akademie věd ČR. Vychází dvakrát ročně. Každé druhé číslo je mezinárodní (International Issue) a jsou v něm publikovány cizojazyčné články (především v angličtině, ale i v němčině a francouzštině). Časopis je registrován pod číslem ISSN 1803-7860.

Aither, 2018 (roč. 10), číslo 19

Aither 19/2018

Popperova interpretace Antisthena - revize

Jan Buráň

Aither 19/2018:4-29 | DOI: 10.5507/aither.2018.001  

Unlike his portrayal of Plato, Karl Popper's interpretation of Antisthenes has been given surprisingly little attention. For Popper, Antisthenes was "the last of the Great Generation", which laid the foundation for the open society in Athens: the last one left to defend it against one of its gravest enemies - Plato. Allegedly, he was also an egalitarian, democrat, humanist, liberal, and severe nominalist critic of Plato's essentialism. Examining one by one the validity of attributing each of these traits to Antisthenes, the current study shows that even though The Open Society and Its Enemies is still a remarkable contribution to political theory,...

Jazyk, písmo a vyprávění o Theuthovi a Thamovi v dialogu Faidros

Antonín Šíma

Aither 19/2018:30-45 | DOI: 10.5507/aither.2018.002  

This paper interprets the narration about Theuth and Thamus in Plato's dialogue Phaedrus (274c1-275c2). Socrates describes in this narration Theuth's invention of the system of writing and Thamu's assessment of this system. Interpretation pays attention to motives of "play" and "playing" which are used in narration too. Play with written letters is understood like "language plays" with words how they are introduced in writings of late Wittgenstein. Motive of invention of system of writing and connections between letters is interpreted in a broader context of Plato's dialogues where are described examples of rules of dialectical thinking. Rules used...

Aristotelés a Fysiognómonika

Tomáš Vítek

Aither 19/2018:46-83 | DOI: 10.5507/aither.2018.003  

The main question this article is trying to answer is why Aristotle did not write any treatise on physiognomy similar to one published under his name by an unknown Peripatetic thinker. Aristotle includes in his theories and writings a considerable amount of coherent views and partial theses that were in line with some older and generally accepted preconceptions - e.g. about the innate inferiority of women and barbarians, or about the ontological superiority of hot over cold. These [preconceptions] were also shared by physiognomists, including the author of the Physiognomonica. It seems, however, that he never attempted to create one consistent...

Antická a moderní etika (ke Gadamerovým osmdesátinám)

Ernst Tugendhat

Aither 19/2018:84-98 | DOI: 10.5507/aither.2018.004